What New Medical Breakthroughs Can We Expect in 2019?

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The field of medicine continues to evolve, and many sicknesses which threatened human lives in the last century have since been all but eradicated. New breakthroughs are being made all the time, but there is sometimes a delay before the public can benefit from these advances.

Price is obviously a factor in healthcare even in countries which have a public health system financed by workers’ financial contributions to a centrally-administered fund.

Even in countries like the UK, many new innovations don’t become immediately available on the NHS unless they have been proven to bear results. For people who desperately need access to new treatments, their only choice sometimes is to resort to private healthcare.

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We’ve narrowed down our top predictions for 2019, and which ones will become more widely available in the coming year.

New Treatments for Cancer
Although some types of cancer are now curable, the holy grail of medical researchers continues to be finding a cure which can be applied to all types of cancer.
One problematic form of cancer is brain tumours.

Depending on the location of the tumour, surgeons are often reluctant to operate because they can’t guarantee that the patient won’t suffer irreversible brain damage. Researchers are working on the possibility of using a specially-adapted particle accelerator on inoperable brain tumours.
It is hoped that intense blasts of light from synchrotrons will pinpoint the growing tumour and eradicate it.

Apart from this, other medical researchers are working on immunotherapies for cancer. Also known as biologic therapy, this technique uses the patient’s own immune system to fight against the cancer. By a combination of joint therapy and the engineering of T-cells, it’s hoped that the discovery of new biomarkers will allow this therapy to be effective for all types of cancer.

Using AI and Robotics in Healthcare

Machine-learning algorithms have the potential to revolutionise the job of attending physicians. Not only can this technology help doctors improve the ease and accuracy of analysing patient scans (especially when an unclear image is open to several interpretations), but it can also help them recommend the best possible treatment.

Making the best possible decision at the point of care will reduce the number of mistakes due to human error and/or doctor burnout.
When surgery is unavoidable, the best operation is one which is as minimally invasive as possible.
Not only does this lead to faster recovery times, but it also means less pain. Robotic surgery is becoming more and more widely used, and its use will spread into 2019.

With the guidance of a robotic system, surgeons are able to be more precise than ever before, and it has been used successfully on many procedures from spinal injuries to endovascular repair. These are just a few of the many changes which are due to revolutionise the field of medicine in the coming years.

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